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An In-Depth Look at Recycled Paper Types and Classification Standards

At Just Paper Tubes Ltd., sustainability is a core principle that guides our operations. This blog provides a detailed overview of the different types of recycled paper, as well as key classifications such as 1.02, 1.03, 1.04, and 1.05 according to European standards, which are essential for effective recycling and manufacturing processes.

Waste makes our world go around

Types of Recycled Paper

Recycled paper is crafted by reprocessing waste paper and cardboard into new products. The source material and the recycling process used determine the types of recycled paper, which include:

  • Pre-Consumer Waste: Consisting of scraps from paper mills used before reaching the consumer, this waste is ideal for creating high-quality recycled paper and significantly reduces environmental footprints.

  • Post-Consumer Waste: This includes used consumer items like newspapers, magazines, and office paper. Recycling helps extend the lifecycle of paper fibres, minimizing landfill use and greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Mill Broke: Generated during the manufacturing process, these are immediately recycled back into production, playing a crucial role in the industry’s waste minimization efforts.

Detailed Classifications of Recycled Paper and Board

Mixed Papers and Boards (1.02 Sorted) and Grey Board (1.03)

  • 1.02 Mixed Papers and Boards (Sorted): A mixture of various paper and board types, with no more than 40% comprising newspapers and magazines. Typically, this category is recycled into lower-grade products like tissue papers and packing material.

  • 1.03 Grey Board: Composed of printed and unprinted, lined, and unlined grey board or mixed board free from corrugated materials. It is commonly recycled into new grey board for packaging and bookbinding applications.

Supermarket Corrugated Paper and Board (1.04) and Old Corrugated Containers (1.05)

  • 1.04 Supermarket Corrugated Paper and Board: Mainly derived from supermarket waste, this category must contain at least 70% corrugated board, with the remainder being solid board and wrapping papers. It is ideal for creating new corrugated products like shipping containers.

  • 1.05 Old Corrugated Containers (OCC): This category includes various qualities of used corrugated boards, such as boxes and packaging sheets. OCC is highly valued for recycling into new corrugated board products due to its durable fibers.

Coreboard Composition

Coreboard, utilized primarily for producing robust paper cores and tubes, is typically made from a blend of all four classifications (1.02, 1.03, 1.04, and 1.05), with a predominant use of 1.03 Grey Board and 1.04 Supermarket Corrugated Paper and Board. This mixture ensures the coreboard is sturdy enough to meet industrial standards while supporting recycling efforts.


Understanding these categories not only facilitates proper recycling techniques but also enhances the efficiency and sustainability of paper production. At Just Paper Tubes Ltd., we are dedicated to promoting these practices to better serve our environment and meet our customers' needs. For further insights into our sustainable practices and product offerings, visit


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